Ontario research on the blacklegged tick and Lyme disease
During the autumn months, the risk of encountering a blacklegged tick in eastern North America increases. Blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis), are the vectors of Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that can cause Lyme disease in humans. Tick hosts include small mammals, birds, and white-tailed deer. Adult blacklegged ticks actively seek a blood meal in the fall and humans can be incidental hosts. Lyme disease is an emerging disease in many areas of eastern Canada, including the Thousand Islands region in eastern Ontario.
From 2009-2012, the Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre, the University of Guelph, Parks Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada, and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources supported an MSc research project on the ecology of Lyme disease transmission in the Thousand Islands region of Ontario. Twelve island and mainland sites in the Thousand Islands region were included in the study. Important factors in predicting the number of ticks and prevalence of B. burgdorferi infection in those ticks included deer abundance, distance to the United States, temperature, species richness, and relative mouse abundance. The results of the study will contribute to management strategies to reduce Lyme disease risk in the Thousand Islands. The study will also add to our understanding of the effects of biodiversity on disease risk.
Article by M.Sc. graduate Lisa Werden. Her thesis is available to view online.
For more information on Lyme Disease, please visit the Ontario Ministry of Health website.